• U.S. farmers, ranchers, and agribusinesses by modernizing and strengthening the food and agricultural trade in North America. Discover new ways to expand your international presence. Canada`s extensive (and growing) trade network provides Canadian businesses with preferential access to a variety of markets around the world. On this page, you will learn more about Canada`s Free Trade Agreement (FTA), the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA), plurilateral agreements and World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements. Note: The contract texts on this page are provided for informational purposes only; official treaty texts are published in canada`s Treaty Series. Canada is conducting exploratory talks on bilateral or multilateral free trade agreements with the following countries and trading blocs, although formal negotiations have not yet begun: Canada`s total trade with NAFTA countries was estimated at $788 billion, representing 66.8% of Canada`s total world trade in 2018. Among the most important export industries were automotive manufacturing and natural resources. “The USMCA will provide our workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses with a high-level trade agreement that will lead to freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in our region. It will empower the middle class and create good, well-paying jobs and new opportunities for nearly half a billion people living in North America.
Under the leadership of President Donald J. Trump, the United States renegotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement and replaced it with an updated and rebalanced agreement that works much better for North America, the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA), which entered into force on July 1, 2020. The USMCA is a mutually beneficial victory for North American workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses. The agreement creates more balanced and reciprocal trade that supports well-paying jobs for Americans and grows the North American economy. Once fully implemented, the CPTPP will form a trading bloc representing 495 million consumers, and 99% of tariff lines will be duty-free between the parties. Canada`s top exports to CPTPP countries include natural resources and agricultural products. Under CETA, 98% of EU tariff lines for Canadian products are duty-free. In 2018, Canada`s extractive industries were the largest exporters to CETA member countries.
This classification system offers more flexibility than the four-digit structure of the SIC by implementing a six-digit hierarchical coding system and dividing all economic activities into 20 industrial sectors. Five of these sectors are mainly those that produce goods, while the other 15 sectors are exclusively those that provide some kind of service. Each company receives a primary NAICS code indicating its primary line of business. A company receives its main code based on the definition of the code that generates most of the company`s revenue in a given location in the past year. Below is a list of FIPA negotiations that have not yet been concluded.  Canada negotiates bilateral free trade agreements with the following countries and trading blocs: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was implemented to promote trade between the United States, Canada and Mexico. The agreement, which eliminated most tariffs on trade between the three countries, entered into force on 1 January 1994. Many tariffs, notably on agriculture, textiles and automobiles, were phased out between 1 January 1994 and 1 January 2008. In which country do you have access to 1.5 billion consumers in 51 countries? Canada. As far as access to the world market is concerned, this is not improving. With 14 free trade agreements covering 60% of global GDP, Canada is opening the doors to cross-border growth.
Below is a list of the countries and trading blocs with which Canada currently has free trade agreements.  Critics of NAFTA feared from the outset that the agreement would lead to the relocation of American jobs to Mexico despite the complementarity of the NAALC. NAFTA, for example, has affected thousands of American autoworkers in this way. Many companies have moved production to Mexico and other countries with lower labor costs. However, NAFTA may not have been the reason for these measures. President Donald Trump`s USMCA should address these concerns. The White House estimates that the USMCA will create 600,000 jobs and add $235 billion to the economy. The USMCA updates NAFTA in a number of key areas. For example, the USMCA sets out the strongest and most advanced intellectual property and digital trade provisions ever included in a trade agreement. Updates to the Customs and Trade Facilitation chapter will help reduce costs and make cross-border transactions more predictable. Similarly, new chapters such as good regulatory practices and SMEs will help reduce and prevent non-tariff barriers through greater transparency, evidence-based decision-making and internal national coordination, and promote cooperation to improve trade and investment opportunities for SMEs.
The USMCA also includes a number of innovative provisions to combat non-market practices – such as subsidies and currency manipulation – that could penalize U.S. workers and businesses. In addition, through updated rules of origin, the USMCA requires that 75% of automotive content be produced in North America and that significant automotive base parts be produced in North America. The growth of international trade has led to a complex and ever-growing primary law, including international treaties and agreements, domestic legislation and jurisprudence for the settlement of trade disputes. This research guide focuses on the multilateral trading system managed by the World Trade Organization. It also contains information on regional and bilateral trade agreements, particularly those in which the United States is involved. The North American Free Trade Agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico entered into force on January 1, 1994, creating the world`s largest free trade region by GDP. In 2014, NAFTA`s combined GDP was estimated at more than $20 trillion, with a market of 474 million people.   Building on this success, Canada continues to negotiate with more than 40 countries and has concluded free trade agreements, most recently with South Korea, which is Canada`s first free trade agreement with a partner in the Asia-Pacific region.
In 2018, Canada also concluded two other important multilateral trade agreements: the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) with ten other Pacific Rim countries.  On September 21, 2017, CETA was provisionally applied, immediately removing 98% of EU customs positions on Canadian goods.  Canada is currently the only G7 country to have free trade agreements with all other G7 countries […].